AskDefine | Define damper

Dictionary Definition



1 a movable iron plate that regulates the draft in a stove or chimney or furnace
2 a device that decreases the amplitude of electronic, mechanical, acoustical, or aerodynamic oscillations [syn: muffler]
3 a depressing restraint; "rain put a damper on our picnic plans"

User Contributed Dictionary



-er damp


  1. That which damps or checks; as:
    (a) A valve or movable plate in the flue or other part of a stove, furnace, etc., used to check or regulate the draught of air.
    (b) A contrivance (sordine), as in a pianoforte, to deaden vibrations; or, as in other pieces of mechanism, to check some action at a particular time.
    (c) Something that kills the mood
    (d) A device that decreases the oscillations of a system.
    • Nor did Sabrina's presence seem to act as any damper at the modest little festivities. - W. Black
  2. Bread made from a basic recipe of flour, water, milk, and salt: but without yeast.
    1827: The farm-men usually bake their flour into flat cakes, which they call dampers, and cook these in the ashes. — Peter Cunningham, Two Years in New South Wales, ii.190. Quoted in G. A. Wilkes, A Dictionary of Australian Colloquialisms, 1978, ISBN 0-424-00034-2.



  1. comparative of damp

Extensive Definition

A damper is a device that deadens, restrains, or depresses:
Damper may refer to:
  • Dashpot, a type of hydraulic or mechanical damper,
  • Shock absorber (British or technical use: damper), a mechanical device designed to dissipate kinetic energy
In music:
  • A device in various keyboard instruments for deadening the vibrations of the strings
  • A mute for various brass instruments, see: Mute (music)
  • A damper or sustain pedal, a device that mutes musical tones, particularly in stringed instruments
In structures:
Damper may also refer to:

See also

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

acoustic tile, andiron, antiknock, arrest, baffler, bearing rein, bit, brake, chain, check, checkrein, chill, chock, clog, coal tongs, cold water, countercheck, crane, crepehanger, crook, curb, curb bit, cushion, damp, dampener, determent, deterrent, discouragement, doorstop, drag, drag sail, drift anchor, drift sail, drogue, fetter, fire hook, fire tongs, firedog, gag, grate, grating, grid, griddle, gridiron, grill, griller, holdback, hushcloth, killjoy, lifter, martingale, muffle, muffler, mute, muzzle, pelham, pessimist, poker, pothook, quietener, remora, salamander, scotch, sea anchor, shackle, silence cloth, silencer, snaffle, soft pedal, sordine, sordino, sound-absorbing material, soundproofing, soundproofing insulation, sourdine, spit, spoilsport, spoke, stay, stop, tongs, trammel, tripod, trivet, turnspit, wet blanket
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